مکتب تاریخ‌نگاری و تاریخ‌نگاران بوشهر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیات علمی گروه تاریخ/دانشکده ادبیات/ دانشگاه خلیج فارس/ بوشهر

10.30484/jii.2021.2640

چکیده

تاریخ­نگاری و تاریخ­نگری همچون دیگر دانش‌های بشری (ادبیات، هنر، فقه، فلسفه و ...) مکاتب و سبک‌های گوناگونی دارد. مکتب‌ها و سبک‌های گنجینۀ ارزشمند و غنی تاریخ‌نگاری ایرانی، به تاریخ‌نگاری سنتی و تاریخ‌نگاری مدرن تقسیم‌پذیر است و این مکاتب را می‌توان در سطح‌های ملی و بومی بررسید. تاریخ‌نگاران ایرانی در گسترۀ فرهنگی و جغرافیایی ایران در درازنای تاریخ آثار متعدد و متنوع و گران‌سنگی پدید آورده و سبک‌های گوناگونی آفریده‌اند که عناصر پررنگی از فلسفۀ تاریخ، گفتمان‌های تاریخ‌نگارانه، اسلوب‌های نگارش، و روش‌های تحقیق در آنها می‌توان یافت و توجه بدان‌ها ناگزیر می‌نماید. تاریخ‌نگاری بوشهر نیز قدمتی هزار ساله دارد که در قرن اخیر به اوج شکوفایی‌اش رسیده است. آیا تاریخ‌نگاری بوشهر ویژگی‌های مکتبی تاریخ‌نگارانه را دارد؟ فرضیۀ محوری این پژوهش این است که اوضاع اقلیمی و میراث غنی تاریخ‌نگاری بوشهر، بر ظهور مکتبی ویژه و یگانه در این قلمرو، دلالت می‌کند و بر پایۀ یافته‌های تحقیق این فرضیه را می‌توان اثبات کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Bushehr School of Historiography and Historians

نویسنده [English]

  • hamid asadpour
Assistant Professor of History / Faculty of Literature / Persian Gulf University / Bushehr
چکیده [English]

Historiography like other humanities, have different schools and styles. Historiography like literature, art, Fiqh or jurisprudence and philosophy have various schools. In Iran, there are schools and styles in the great treasure trove of Iranian historiography, whether traditional historiography or modern one. These schools in Iran can be considered in national and local forms due to the richness of historiography in Iran. Iranian historians in the cultural and geographical sphere of Iran throughout history have created numerous, diverse and rich works in the field of historiography and have produced various styles. In these styles and schools that Iranian historians have created throughout history, there are rich elements of philosophy of history, historiographical discourses, writing styles and research methods that need to be considered. In Bushehr, historiography is a thousand years old, but in the last century, historiography has reached its peak. Does historiography in Bushehr qualify for a school of historiography? The central hypothesis of this research is that the climatic conditions and rich heritage of historiography in Bushehr indicate the emergence of a special school. The findings of this study have confirmed this hypothesis. With the efforts of the historians of this region, a considerable heritage has been formed under the title of Bushehr historical literature, which in this article we have considered it eligible to apply Bushehr School in historiography. This school was faithful to the tradition of writing about sea and attention to the history of the sea and the coasts and coastal areas. Ideas such as colonization and the people's struggle against it have also been addressed.
Based on the reasons and contexts mentioned above, the application of Bushehr School to the historical literature of this region is logical and acceptable considering the Bushehr heritage in the historical field, which is so rich, special and distinct, and it can be considered as having a special school and recognize the Bushehr School. For the following reasons, Bushehr has a special school in Iranian historiography: History and the sea. Bushehr has a unique history. The first calligraphy works of Iran were found in Bushehr, which belongs to the Elamite period and two thousand years BC, and it is an inscription in Elamite cuneiform. From the Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid eras, many works have survived in this province until the Islamic period. Attention to the tradition of seascape and the role of the sea in the history of the shores of the Persian Gulf has also had a special effect on the formation of the Bushehr School in historiography. Culture and Art: Culture in Bushehr can be studied from different angles. Indigenous beliefs, rituals, stories and anecdotes are part of the cultural heritage of this area. Trade and commerce: Trade is the backbone of Bushehr port's economy. Bushehr business community was very strong and had a comprehensive impact on the society, economy, culture and politics of Bushehr and all this was effective in shaping the works of Bushehr writers and historians and the traces of this rich class can be seen in Bushehr culture and its manifestations. This commercial community of Bushehr and its cultural influences were not formed anywhere else in the south. Tolerance: Tolerance in Bushehr is a social trait. Tolerance and peaceful coexistence in the public culture of Bushehr is so prominent that it has become a unique social and cultural advantage of Bushehr and through this has made this port a special city in terms of culture and society. It is crystallized in the personality of Bushehr writers and their works, and this is a special attribute for the Bushehr School of historiography. The gateway to the manifestations of modernism: Bushehr and Tabriz in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were the gateways to modernity in Iran. Bushehr was the place of departure and docking of merchant and passenger ships from Europe, India, Africa and even the United States according to geographical and commercial conditions. These developments and characteristics in the works of Bushehr writers have left their effects and its effects and manifestations can be seen in the process of Bushehr historiography. This issue has been one of the effective factors in the formation of Bushehr School of historiography.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • school
  • Historiography
  • Bushehr
  • Persian Gulf
  • Iran