نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 مدیر مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش زبان فارسی رایزنی فرهنگی سفارت ج.ا.ایران در آنکارا و نماینده آموزشی بنیاد سعدی در ترکیه
2 دانشیار گروه زبانشناسی دانشکده ادبیات دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Throughout history, nations differently got acquainted with each other's culture and language. This intercultural acquaintance sometimes happened through war and the subsequent imposition of the language and culture of the dominant nation on the defeated; sometimes it occurred through business or religious interactions. Actually, the need for mutual understanding has caused the parties to get acquainted with each other's language and culture. In today's world, where political diplomacy is a strategic tool to create various interactions among nations, the role of cultural diplomacy in creating and facilitating these relations is also of highest significancy. Undoubtedly, one important method to create the characteristics of a strong cultural diplomacy is to know these cultural historical interactions; the present study historically examined the roots of cultural ties between Iran and Europe to find out how and in what ways Europeans got acquainted with Iranian culture; to this end, the foundations of the cultural acquaintance of Iranians and Europeans were historically defined in three periods: first, from 550 AD until the presence of Islam in Iran. Second, from the seventh century AD to early seventeenth century. Third, from seventeenth century to the present. The causes and manners of this acquaintance were studied in the mentioned periods accordingly. These three historical periods are definitely unlike in terms of duration, extent of cultural exchanges, and type of exchanged statements. Therefore, firstly the reasons and methods of creating interactions were examined in each period, then the results of this cultural acquaintance were presented from a historical perspective.