عنوان مقاله [English]
Treatise of Jamalieh or Hawraieh is one of the indisputable works of MawlanaYaqubCharkhi which is in fact a commentary on a quatrain attributed to Sheikh Abu Sa'idAbū'l-Khayr (357-440 AH). Charkhi himself says that he wrote this treatise because a close friend who was an honest dervish requested that, and because in this quatrain the attributes of god such as love and wrath is mentioned. The treatise is also called "Jamalieh". Three other commentators have written commentaries on this quatrain before Charkhi: Shams Maghrebi (749-809 AH), Shah NimatullahWali(731-834 AH), Qasem-e Anvar(757-837 AH). This treatise is short, but it has reflected the view of Naqshbandi Sufi order in this regard quite comprehensively. In this treatise, Charkhi interprets this quatrain as a reference to the attribute of God and considers it as an interpretation of the sura of Al-Fatiha. He believes that it is based on the verses of the sura of Al-Fatiha and the hadiths of Our Prophet Mohammad. This treatise is of a great importance to understand Naqshbandi Sufi order. So in this article the treatise of Howraieh by MawlanaYaqub al-Charkhi is considered and other treatises with the same title are also introduced.
The main hypothesis and question of this research is to consider the contribution of Iranians to the development, compilation and writing of the Persian treatises on theoretical mysticism and on the intellectual foundations of mystics.
And also questions such as:
What was their role in the advancement of the mysticism or Islamic mysticism?
How many scientists have written in Persian in this field After the death of Khwaja Abdullah Ansari(as the first writer of the mystic treatises)?
This research is a library based research and also a field research.
Books and sources are collected from libraries in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
This research reveals that the treatise of Jamalieh or Hawraieh is one of the most important treatises in the field of theoretical mysticism that is dedicated to the interpretation of a quatrain attributed to Sheikh Abu Sa'idAbū'l-Khayr. This commentary is considered as the oldest commentary on thisquatrain (except the commentaries of Shams Maghrebi, Shah NimatullahWali, Qasem-e Anvar).
This treatise shows the viewpoint of Charkhi as a Naqshbandi Sufi.
Next Naqshbandi Sufis such as khajehObaid’allahAhrar, one of his pupils, has also written a commentary on this quatrain.