عنوان مقاله [English]
With the beginning of Oriental studies in Europe, we are witnessing the presence of a large number of Western tourists and travel writers to Iran during the Qajar period. In addition to knowing the East, these Orientalists tried to show its distinction from the West. In other words, the purpose of representing the East was more to build and address the West than to identify the East. There are also photographs in these works, which in this article we intend to clarify by using the postcolonial approach and using various tools of photo semiotics. It includes the East and the Kurds and includes elements such as violence, asynchrony, strangeness, stagnation and negativity. So the main question of the article is to what extent do the photographs in the books of Orientalists correspond to their writings and claims? Finally, we come to the analysis that this negative pattern is also embodied in the images and has a humiliating approach.