نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد،گروه تاریخ، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.
2 دانشجوی دکترا، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Mohammad Ali Jamalzadeh, born in 1309 A.H in Isfahan, during his 106 years of life, has written numerous works in various literary and literary formats, in which, both in choosing the subject and content, the concern is to know Iran and help progress. And the perfection of Iranian literature is evident. Jamalzadeh has been a pioneer of contemporary literature and an influence on many contemporary and later writers. Jamalzadeh is the encyclopedia of Iranology; He has shown the various aspects of social life, customs, beliefs, and historical periods directly to his reader through popular literature. Jamalzadeh's collection of works is especially important because it has provided suitable texts for foreign audiences to reflect and increase information about Iranology. In the present article, an attempt is made to categorize and extract different dimensions of the content of Jamalzadeh's works, under different titles and perspectives of Iranology. The present study also intends to codify the content of native Iranian studies by coding the content of Jamalzadeh's works.
This research was based on the method of descriptive-analytical research and using library resources, it was necessary to review all of Jamalzadeh's texts in addition to the texts related to him, which were done in the form of critique, introduction or commemoration in his later years. Refer to and examine and analyze them. In this regard, we can refer to his most popular and prominent writings in various fields, which are briefly included in these cases: a- Research writings such as Ganj Shaygan, Russian-Iranian relations, Saadi's Pandname. B. It was a story like one and not one, Dar al-Majanin, Qaltashan Divan, the top and bottom of a burlap, short stories for bearded children. C. Socio-political, such as land and man, land, master, peasant, our creations as Iranians. D- Translations such as Surat Coffee House, Enemy of the Nation, Stories of Seven Countries, Turkmen Disaster in Qajar Iran, Travel in Turkestan and Iran. E-Memoirs about Ibrahim Pourdavod, Seyed Hassan Taghizadeh, Haj Mirza Yahya Dolatabadi, Mohammad Qazvini and his own memoirs. F-hobby writings such as Hezar Bisheh, Kashkol Jamali, the box of secrets. G- Criticism and introduction of the book by him, which has been published in the book guide magazine. Also, people like Iraj Afshar, Ali Dehbashi, Kamran Parsinejad, Mehrdad Mehrin and others have written books and articles about his works.
Accordingly, receiving this article, as the title suggests, is to attract foreign audiences for Jamalzadeh's appropriate and gentle literature, which can be attractive, interesting and helpful. Jamalzadeh's style is known as a kind of "literary democracy". Jamalzadeh's popular literature contains a special charm in addition to acquainting the audience with contemporary language and literature, is important for conveying Iranian studies, especially historical geography and anthropology. Looking at the collection of Jamalzadeh's works, considering his special attitude towards various topics about Iranian culture and its Iranianness in the form of Iranology and the inclusion of his works in various economic, cultural, social, customs and traditions, he The facts of the encyclopedia of Iranology can be called. Known as the father of modern Iranian fiction, he established a simple writing style using the vernacular and the people of the street and the bazaar. Ordinary and average people reflected their lives and problems in Jamalzadeh's works according to simple and understandable writings and texts and the issues they deal with in their daily lives. Jamalzadeh, who has been a prolific writer in various fields of fiction, essays, translations, etc., has also tried to expose various economic and social corruptions through the language of humor, customs, culture, society, ethics, and First introduce the issue to the Iranian people and then make them think about what happened and what happened? And why did it happen? Jamalzadeh even introduces his understandable and familiar and so-called native way of expression for translation under the title of "pavement", which is a continuation of his special attitude towards the middle class and ordinary people. It also has an elite look. In addition to intelligently choosing the type of language for his audience, he has used language, the most basic and accessible tool of Iranology, to express its examples in his numerous works.