عنوان مقاله [English]
The red carpet is traditionally used to mark the path that heads of state take on official occasions. In general, spreading the red carpet is considered a hospitable and ceremonial act. Therefore, walking on the red carpet also has an honorable nature for political guests. Although the tradition of spreading the red carpet has become common in Europe, however, the historical custom of spreading the carpet in diplomatic meetings has its roots in the medieval period of Islamic history. Although the tradition of using oriental carpets can be seen in the middle Ages and the European Renaissance, the oriental and Islamic roots of this tradition, which are tied to oriental carpets, have rarely been noticed in Europe. In the wall paintings and paintings of Italy since the end of the 13th century, the oriental carpet has been used as a new visual element to decorate the space of the paintings. The use of luxurious carpets in political contexts, for example to decorate halls or to welcome a political figure in public, has a long tradition. The diplomatic ceremony of rolling out a red carpet as a welcome act to honor a political figure was actually a reflection of the medieval Islamic tradition of choosing special and expensive carpets to decorate public halls when visiting political delegations. Since the political dimensions of carpets have not been investigated yet, and on the other hand, the political use of carpets in diplomatic relations has its roots in the East and Islamic lands. Therefore, carpet analysis is necessary for political significance. In this regard, the aim of the research is to investigate the historical status of the carpet in the court of the Islamic caliphs of the Umayyad and Abbasid eras. This research, with a historical approach and based on library and documentary studies, proves the hypothesis of the use of carpets as a politically meaningful object in the court of Islamic caliphs. The results of the research indicate that the physical structure of the carpet as an object and its primary quality as a knotted surface with specific borders creates a special space in the space, separate from the general realm, and acts as an indicator of the space.