نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه علمی موسه مطالعات راهبردی اندیشه سازان نور
2 دانشیار ،گروه علوم سیاسی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Muslim Brotherhood movement can be called the most important, cohesive and ideological political movement among the Sunnis. Being ideological does not mean in the conventional sense, but intellectual structure and explanation of a coherent thought, as well as a clear executive framework for the implementation of political Islam. Although the religious principles and ideological-political principles of this movement should be sought in the thoughts of its late founder, Hassan al-Banna, but now because of the spread of this movement in other countries and environmental and social influences over time, policy change and its intellectual foundations and executive approaches are observed. These changes have been so palpable in the Tunisian branch of the Brotherhood, led by Rashid al-Ghannouchi, that secular Islam is explicitly mentioned at the 10th Ennahda Conference, which is a long way from the founding foundations of the movement. This evolution can also be considered the product of inefficiency in the executive scene. Ennahda did not have much success during its presence in the political arena and inevitably had to deviate from its basic principles in order to achieve its goals.
The importance of this issue is studied and researched by recognizing the idea of the largest and most widespread movement in the Islamic world and the proposed model of Sunni political Islam, as well as examining the main components, contexts of change and factors influencing the created change. And library and interview tools seek to answer the question of what the transformation of approaches, ideological developments, and Ennahda from the movement to the formation of the government was like, and in what areas? The findings of the article show that by choosing the approach of epistemological minimalism, peaceful tendencies and realistic practice in the political arena, Ennahda tries to create an intermediate agreement with modernity, that is, political principles, social principles, general rules, orders and components of religion with Interpret the arguments of logic; Therefore, it will inevitably justify it in the context of implementation in cases where it is unable to explain and interpret religious rules, and this is the first step in the transformation of Ennahda ideas