عنوان مقاله [English]
Mourning rituals are one of the most rooted rituals in the world. In pre-Islamic Iran, these rites originated from the ancient rituals of Siavash, and with the advent of Islam and the decline of Siavash's rites, the annual mourning of Muharram began to expand. Due to the continuity and survival of these rituals, the historical course of these rituals has always been of interest to researchers. The present study, focusing on the first periods of the emerge of Islamic mourning rituals, before the unified Safavid government, seeks to answer the question of what Social and political issues have been involved and influential in the formation, expansion and evolution of Islamic mourning rituals in this period? The research method is historical-analytical and the initial result indicates that in this period, mourning rituals, under the influence of social and political conditions, changed in terms of content and structure; In terms of content, history replaced myth, and in terms of ritual structure, the grounds for narrative forms in mourning, such as “Maghtal khani” and “Marsiye khani” and “Roze khani” were provided.